How to Reference a Book in APA Format

If you’re writing a paper in APA format, you’ll need to reference books using the correct citation format. This quick guide will show you how to do it.

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Introduction

There are many different ways to reference a book in APA format, but the most common method is to list the author’s last name, followed by the year of publication. For example, if you were referencing a book by J.K. Rowling, you would write (Rowling, 1997).

What is APA Format?

APA format is a specific citation style that is used to format academic papers. The full name of the style is the American Psychological Association format, and it is mostly used in papers written for social science classes. APA format is different from other citation styles, such as MLA or Chicago style, because it has specific requirements for both in-text citations and reference listings. In order to correctly format a paper in APA style, you need to make sure that you understand all of the requirements and follow them consistently throughout your paper.

How to Reference a Book in APA Format

To reference a book in APA format, you will need the following pieces of information:

-The author’s last name and first initial
-The year the book was published
-The title of the book
-The publisher of the book

Here is an example of how to reference a book in APA format:

Smith, J. (2017). The art of war. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

The Basics of APA Format

When you reference a book in APA format, you will use the basic formatting for an APA citation. The specific elements that you need to include depend on whether you are referencing the print or online version of the book.

For a print book, you need to include the author(s), year of publication, title and publisher. For an online book, you also need to include the URL or DOI.

Here is an example of a basic citation for a print book:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of book. City of Publication, State Abbreviation: Publisher Name.

If you are referencing an online book, you would additionally include the URL or DOI like this:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of book. Retrieved from website name or http://doi.org/xx.xxx

How to Format Your APA Reference

There are several elements to an APA reference for a book. Here are the key components:

-Author(s) of the book
-Year the book was published
-Title of the book
-Publisher of the book
-Location of publication (city and state or country)

How to Cite a Book in APA Format

There are different ways to cite a book in APA format, depending on whether you’re using the author’s name, the book title, or the book’s DOI number.

To cite a book using the author’s name, start with the last name of the author, followed by a comma and then the first initial of the author’s first name. Next, add the publication year in parentheses, followed by a period. After that, include the book title in italics, followed by a comma and then “trans.” if it’s a translation. Finally, add the location of publication and a colon, and then conclude with the publisher’s name.

For example:

Lastname, F.I. (Year). Book title (trans.). Location: Publisher.

If you’re citing a book by its title instead of its author, start with the book title in italics. Next, add a period outside of the parentheses and then include “trans.” if it’s a translation followed by another period. After that, include the location of publication and a colon before concluding with the publisher’s name.

For example:

Book title (trans.). (Year). Location: Publisher.

How to Create an APA Reference

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

To create an APA reference for a book, you will need the following elements:
-Author’s last name, first initial.
-Publication date of the book.
-Title of book.
-City of publication.
-Publisher’s name.

How to Update Your APA Reference

If you need to update any information in your APA reference, simply include the new information in parentheses after the old information. If you’re referencing a print book, you’ll just need to include the new information in the parentheses. For example:

Smith, J. (1998). How to read a paper. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: British Medical Journal Books.

If you’re referencing an eBook, you’ll need to include the new URL or DOI at the end of your reference. For example:

Smith, J. (1998). How to read a paper. Retrieved from http://www.example.com/howtoreadpaper

If you’re referencing a journal article, you’ll need to include the new DOI at the end of your reference. For example:

Smith, J. (1998). How to read a paper. British Medical Journal, 316(7128), 467-470. doi:10.1136/bmj3160467

How to Use APA Format

There are two types of APA format: in-text citations and reference list entries. In-text citations appear inside parentheses in the body of your paper and include the author’s last name and the year of publication. For example, (Smith, 2019). If you’re citing a work with two authors, use both last names, separated by an ampersand (&), like this: (Smith & Jones, 2019). If there are three or more authors, use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.,” as in (Smith et al., 2019).

Reference list entries appear at the end of your paper and provide full bibliographic information for each source you cite. Here’s an example for a book with one author:

Smith, J. (2019). Title of book. Publisher.

If you’re referencing a book with two or more authors, use this format:

Smith, J., & Jones, A. (2019). Title of book. Publisher.

FAQs

What do I need to know about referencing a book in APA format?

In general, when you are referencing a book in APA format, you will need to include the author’s name, the year of publication, the title of the book, and the publisher. You may also need to include a page number or other location information.

How do I format a reference for a book in APA style?

Here is an example of how you might format a reference for a book in APA style:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of work. Publisher. doi:XXXXXXXXXXXX

What if I can’t find all of the information I need to reference a book in APA style?

If you can’t find all of the information you need to reference a book in APA style, don’t worry! Just include as much information as you can find.

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